This information is a simple foundation for Catholic school and parish communities working on the Virtue-‐ Based Restorative Discipline model and the Virtue Model that has become a parish-‐wide project. While more research may be needed to better understand how these virtues can change us to become more God-‐like, this foundation is a good start!
According to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Part Three, Life in Christ, “A virtue is an habitual and firm disposition to do the good. It allows the person not only to perform good acts, but to give the best of himself. The virtuous person tends toward the good with all his sensory and spiritual powers; he pursues the good and chooses it in concrete actions. The goal of a virtuous life is to become like God. 63
1804 Human virtues are firm attitudes, stable dispositions, habitual perfections of intellect and will that govern our actions, order our passions, and guide our conduct according to reason and faith. They make possible ease, self- mastery, and joy in leading a morally good life. The virtuous man is he who freely practices the good.
The moral virtues are acquired by human effort. They are the fruit and seed of morally good acts; they dispose all the powers of the human being for communion with divine love.”
When you come into being, your soul comes “equipped” with permanent habits or dispositions as a way to share the divine nature of God. These are the theological virtues:
Faith Hope Charity (Love)
Faith resides in our intellect, while Hope and Charity reside in our will.
“The moral virtues are acquired by human effort. They are the fruit and seed of morally good acts; they dispose all the powers of the human being for communion with divine love.” (CCC 1804)
Prudence Justice Temperance Fortitude
Prudence resides in intellect
Justice is a habitual inclination of the will
Temperance is the will to practice moderation
Fortitude sustains the one who is committed to serving God fervently in the journey to the cross.
Fruits of the Spirit
Every virtuous act performed with pleasure is a fruit. These acts provide delight and are expressed with little difficulty.
Charity, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faith, mildness, modesty, continence, and chastity
Gifts of the Spirit
These are supernatural gifts provided to assist us in our journey to heaven. They enable us to be docile and therefore can be divinely inspired to live the virtues of Faith, Hope and Charity (Love).
Wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, fear of the Lord.
Seven Capital Virtues Oppose the Seven Cardinal Sins
Capital Virtues Cardinal Sins
Brotherly Love Envy
These help us to more efficiently use the intellect in service to God. These are taught by St. Thomas Aquinas as:
Prudence (this virtue co‐exists with the moral virtues)
Many of these are defined in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, but also by exploring the website, Second Exodus.
Sources: Catechism of the Catholic Church, scripture, Second Exodus